Monday, December 5, 2022

Getting Ready to “Be There” with Learners

 

As an instructor new to online teaching, your first step is to understand the differences between face-to-face and online instruction. Instructional and technical support are key to your success in this new environment, as is the support of your organization. Developing an online course can be a challenge.Training is key to be better prepared to teach online and understand what presence means in the online environment, be able to create and incorporate presence into your online course, and be ready to deliver your course.

This training includes becoming familiar with the learning management system, its features, and its limitations. You can take scheduled training sessions or workshops or work closely with a learning designer who has learning management system expertise. Or you might team up with experienced colleagues who have created online courses that have proven to be effective.

After you have become familiar with and confident about the learning management system software, the next step is to identify an existing course that you plan to move to the online environment and start the design process. Check the graphic below; it provides a sample course design task and timeline for an existing course that is moving to the online environment.

Reference

 

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

 



 


Monday, November 28, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Bringing it All Together

 


The 7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses can help you develop an online course experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners - Bringing it All Together.

Our instructor "brings it all together" with the Chart and a Wordle. Wordles are "word clouds" that bring together the most important words in a text and are a quick way to refresh your memory. Here is our instructor's Wordle.
 

 

Reference

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 


Monday, November 21, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Assessing for Presence and Community

Online teaching and learning should be an experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners - Assessing for Presence and Community.

During the past weeks we've walked through the 7 Steps and Four Phases for developing online courses with Presence and Community. But - how do you know that presence and community are there once your course is finished? Well, you’ll certainly feel and know it qualitatively, but you need more than that - you need tools and methods for assessing quantitatively. We share a Chart of Tools and Methods our instructor used to help with this assessment. 

Next and Final Week - Bringing it All Together and a Wordle.

 

Reference

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

 

Monday, November 14, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Step 7, Phases Three and Four

 

Online teaching and learning should be an experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners. How is presence created?

Step 7, Phases Three and Four. During the past weeks, you’ve been introduced to the 7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses and the first and second of the Four Planning Phases that will help you develop the course learning experience. This week we’ll look at phases three and four – “end of course and after course.” The Incorporation Chart for these phases illustrates how our instructor used the presence Model and Framework for the: Course Sequence, Course Activities, Types of Experience, and Modes of Presence.
 

Reference

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 


Monday, November 7, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Step 7, Phase Two

 

Online teaching and learning should be an experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners. How is presence created?

Step 7, Phase Two. During the past weeks, you’ve been introduced to the 7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses and the first of the Four Planning Phases that will help you develop the course learning experience. Last week we looked at phase one – “before the course begins.” This week we’ll look at phase two – “during the course.” The Incorporation Chart for this phase, below, illustrates how our instructor used the presence Model and Framework for the: Course Sequence, Course Activities, Types of Experience, and Modes of Presence.

It’s helpful while you’re looking at the Chart to refer back to the Framework (which includes the Model) in Step 6.

 

Reference

 

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

Monday, October 31, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Step 7, Phase One


Online teaching and learning should be an experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners. How is presence created?

During the past weeks, you’ve been introduced to the 7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses. Step 7 was Creating the Plan. The important thing to remember here is that you are creating a “learning experience.” So your designing isn’t just for “during the course” but includes before, during, at the end of the course, and even after. The Charts during the next weeks will show you how our instructor incorporated everything in these four phases. 


Her Incorporation Chart for “before” the course begins is shown in the graphic. It illustrates how she planned the Course Sequence, Course Activities, Types of Experience and Modes of Presence. It’s helpful while you’re looking at this to refer back to the Framework (which includes the Model) in Step 6.

Reference

 

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

 

Monday, October 24, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Step 7

Online teaching and learning should be "an experience" where presence is felt by both instructors and learners. How is presence created?  

The seventh step for creating online presence is to use the Framework described in Step 6 to create a Design Plan. Remember, the Framework includes the Learner-Centered Model and the Determinants of Presence. Let's look at an example of how the plan was developed by a science instructor. In her course: 

  1. the Content she created was both content- and process-based.  
  2. the Format included a blend of individual and group work (more individual in the beginning, transitioning to group work after the first few weeks). 
  3. the Interaction Activities she selected supported the Content and fit her students’ needs.
  4. the Roles she played as instructor were determined by the level of institutional Support she had, the course Content, and the Format she had created (as a result, she played a number of Roles).
  5. the Technologies she chose were to implement the Format and enable the Interaction Activities. 
  6. the Support she used included three types: instructional, technical, and self-support. Self-support is an important new addition to this determinant and focuses on setting self-boundaries and taking care of self. This is important not only for the instructor but also for the learners.

The science instructor's Design Plan illustrates this seventh step.

But Step 7 is an expansive step. In online learning you are creating a “learning experience” …so you’re designing in phases; not just when the course happens (during) but also before the course begins, at the end of the course, and even after. In the next weeks you’ll see how our instructor expanded the Design Plan to develop these phases. 

 

Reference 

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

Monday, October 17, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Step 6

 

Online teaching and learning should be an experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners. How is presence created?

 

The sixth step is to design your course step-by-step for presence and community. For this you'll need a design framework. The Design Framework we created in our presence book (Lehman & Conceição, 2010) includes the Learner-Centered Model discussed in Step 5 and six tools to use – we call the tools the Determinants of Presence: 

 

1.     Content

2.     Format

3.     Instructor Roles

4.     Strategies

5.     Technologies

6.     Support

 

The arrows connecting the model to the instructor and the determinants is the dynamic process you go through to revisit the Model and the Determinants as you develop your course. 

Reference

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

Monday, October 10, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses - Step 5

 

The fifth step is to use a LEARNER-CENTERED MODEL. The learner-centered model we created in our presence book (Lehman & Conceição, 2010) helps instructors better understand the perceptual nature of students and ways in which the educational experience can be designed to create presence.

Learners are at the center of the model, with their thoughts, emotions and behavior. We call this center circle the Who. The next circle is the What, which indicates the interactive experiences that can be created for learners. For example, the instructor can incorporate:

  1. objective experiences (Skype or electronic office hours to create a sense of objective presence)

  2. subjective experiences (the use of names and learners’ experiences to incorporate the personal)

  3. social experiences (interactive activities, group and team work, or discussion)

  4. environmental experiences (which allow students to actually change the learning environment through feedback and formative course change)

The circle around the What is the How or Modes of Presence, the ways in which these interactions can be carried out. For example, the instructor can use:

  1. realism (a simulation or a real life project)

  2. immersion (Second Life or gamification)

  3. involvement (debates, the discussion board, group work, or team projects)

  4. suspension-of-disbelief (the use of videos, reading materials, or audio podcasts)

The outer circle is the Where, the online environment (described in the Differences Chart) that the instructor participates in, partnering with learners.

Reference

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a sense of presence in online teaching: How to “be there” for distance learners. Jossey-Bass. 


Monday, October 3, 2022

7 Steps to Creating Presence in Online Courses -- Step 4

 

Online teaching and learning should be an experience where presence is felt by both instructors and learners. How is presence created?
 

The fourth step is CONSIDER THE PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EMOTIONAL. Designing for online learning has to do with our senses and perceptions (remember the Differences Chart) and this requires that we learn to adjust our senses and perceptions to these new ways of reaching out to our students (after all, perceptions drive our thinking.) Think carefully about this - what we’re doing is appealing to our students psychologically and emotionally, as well as cognitively, and creating an illusion of presence. We’re not “really” present with them (nor they with us) but want to make them think we are - that we’re all together in the same virtual space.

Reference

Lehman, R. M., & Conceição, S. C. (2010). Creating a Sense of Presence in Online Teaching: How to “Be There” for Distance Learners. Jossey-Bass. 

Getting Ready to “Be There” with Learners

    As an instructor new to online teaching, your first step is to understand the differences between face-to-face a...